Breeder's Code of Ethics

The Finnish Lapphund Club of Canada Constitution states the objectives of the club shall be:

  • to encourage and promote quality in the breeding of purebred Finnish Lapphunds and to do all possible to bring their natural qualities to perfection
  • to urge members and breeders to accept the standard of the breed as approved by the Canadian Kennel Club as the only standard of excellence by which Finnish Lapphunds shall be judged
  • to do all in its power to protect and advance the interests of the breed by encouraging sportsmanlike competition at dog shows and other events approved by the Canadian Kennel Club
  • to conduct sanctioned matches and dog shows under the rules and regulations of the Canadian Kennel Club
  • to educate owners, breeders, and the general public as to every aspect of Finnish Lapphunds

In applying for and maintaining membership, the applicant agrees to further the FLCC's objectives and conduct all activities in connection with the breed in accordance with this Code of Ethics.


The FLCC member accurately registers Finnish Lapphunds with the Canadian Kennel Club and abides by Canadian Kennel Club rules and regulations.


The FLCC member follows the guidelines of good kennel practice and provides all Finnish Lapphunds with maximum protection against communicable disease, other injuries or ailments, consulting as necessary with a licensed veterinarian. The FLCC member will not exhibit, release, or otherwise expose any Finnish Lapphund which is known to have been exposed to a communicable disease until the end of the incubation period for that disease. The FLCC member shall provide for the physical and mental well-being of each dog. This includes, but is not limited to, supplying adequate food, shelter and mental stimulation. The FLCC encourages members to participate in training classes and other events. It is suggested that a Finnish Lapphund be evaluated throughout its lifetime for any potential health problems.


Each litter is the result of conscientious planning, including consideration of the parents' freedom from hereditary defects, temperament and general conformance to the official standard of the breed. The FLCC member(s) as owner(s) of the stud dog and/or of the bitch to be bred will enter into a contract, the terms of which to be determined and to be agreed upon in advance by the owners. The FLCC strongly recommends that a written contract be used between all parties involved in the breeding of Finnish Lapphunds, especially if one of the parties is not a member of the FLCC in good standing. Only healthy, mature Finnish Lapphund adults, preferably 24 months of age, but at least 18 months of age, shall be bred. Prior to breeding, the FLCC member obtains certification that the hips are normal from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals, an equivalent foreign registry, or a board approved radiologist. Eyes must also be certified free from genetically transmitted defects by a certified Veterinary Ophthalmologist. The FLCC member knowingly breeds their registered Finnish Lapphund(s) only to other registered Finnish Lapphunds. The FLCC member agrees to keep accurate records of stock, matings and pedigrees and to register breeding stock with the Canadian Kennel Club. It is recommended that a sincere effort be made to see that a reasonable portion of an anticipated litter is spoken for before a breeding takes place. The FLCC member will not breed any Finnish Lapphund which is considered in poor health or radically departs from the approved Standard. As the owner of a bitch, the FLCC member will not permit the bitch to produce litters in 3 consecutive seasons in any 2 year period. Consideration should also be given to whether the facilities, time and resources to adequately care for a litter are available. As the owner of a stud dog, the FLCC member will encourage bitch owners to breed only if they have the facilities, time and resources to adequately care for a litter. The FLCC member will also follow the custom of allowing one repeat service at the bitch's next season when a bitch fails to conceive.


The FLCC member must be concerned with the proper placement of puppies, both pet and show potential. The member shall not knowingly sell, consign, or transfer puppies or adults to pet shops, wholesale dealers, contest sponsors, or anyone who is know to degrade the breed or purebred dogs, or to individuals contemplating breeding and/or sale to the aforementioned. The FLCC member provides and requires written agreements signed by all parties prior to all transactions, sales, leases and services and accordingly delivers all forms required for registration. The FLCC member urges purchasers to spay or neuter any Finnish Lapphund which will not be shown in conformation or will not be a part of a conscientious breeding program utilizing Limited Registration as appropriate. The FLCC member does not actually transfer puppies to new homes until they are at least 7 weeks of age. Breeders and stud dog owners must recognize that there is a lifetime responsibility for puppies produced by their brood bitch or stud dog. Breeders must also recognize the inherent obligation to provide a stable environment that protects each puppy's physical and emotional well-being. This includes helping to relocate to a new home a puppy or adult dog which the owner is unable or unwilling to keep or taking that puppy or adult dog back. No puppy or adult dog owned or bred by a FLCC member shall be disposed of in an animal shelter. Any puppy sold as a show prospect which subsequently develops a genetic disqualifying defect shall be replaced by the Breeder with another show prospect puppy. The first puppy shall be returned to the Breeder or money shall be refunded for the difference between the price of pet quality puppies and show quality puppies from the same litter (or any other mutually agreeable alternative).


The FLCC member agrees that any advertising, oral or written, shall be factual and not worded to attract undesirable buyers.


The FLCC member exhibits Finnish Lapphunds in conformation, companion and performance events in conformity with the rules of the Canadian Kennel Club, as well as other breed and canine performance organizations. When traveling with Finnish Lapphunds, the FLCC member takes reasonable precautions to maintain hotels and show grounds in clean condition. When confronted by a situation not covered by this Code of Ethics, the FLCC member conducts himself or herself in the best interest of the breed and as he or she would like to be treated in similar circumstances.


Failure to conduct oneself in compliance with the Code of Ethics shall be considered detrimental to the best interests of the Finnish Lapphund breed. Upon receipt of sufficient written proof of violation of this Code of Ethics, the Board of Directors will proceed according to the Constitution of the FLCC.